The Royal Veterinary College (RVC) Equine Referral Hospital has become the first clinic in the UK to offer a new melanoma treatment for horses, specially targeted at lesions that are not able to be surgically removed. This will improve the way in which we are able to treat horses with melanoma, resulting in a better quality of life for those affected by the disease.
Melanoma is a very common nodular skin disease that affects older grey horses of any breed or gender. It is estimated that more than 80 percent of grey horses will have at least one melanoma during their lifetime.
This new melanoma treatment specifically focuses on melanomas affecting the parotid region (salivary glands behind the jaw bones) and other anatomically sensitive areas that are less amenable to surgery. Until now, there has been no effective treatment option for lesions in these areas.
The RVC Equine Referral Hospital is welcoming eligible horses to undertake the treatment, which involves thermofield hyperthermia and intratumoral chemotherapy. Thermofield hyperthermia transfers a large volume of electromagnetic energy deep into biological tissue. The absorbed energy then causes molecular friction, gently heating the targeted area to therapeutic temperatures that selectively kills cancerous cells without harming the surrounding healthy tissue. In addition, the heat increases drug penetration into tumours and inhibits DNA repair in cancer cells. The equipment for this new melanoma treatment is safe, effective and easy to use.
Funded by the RVC Animal Care Trust, horses that meet the criteria will receive three treatments, one week apart. This involves injection of the chemotherapeutic drug into the melanoma, under sedation, followed by hyperthermia using the thermofield unit. The entire procedure takes approximately one hour to complete and is relatively painless for the horse. A second hyperthermia treatment is then performed the following day, before the horse is discharged. The whole process is repeated for a total of three melanoma treatment rounds.
Dr Michael Heweston, senior lecturer in equine medicine at the RVC said: “Although thermofield hyperthermia combined with intratumoral chemotherapy is a relatively new treatment, I have been impressed with the response in the horses that we have treated thus far and I am optimistic for the future. We will be collecting data over the coming months to report on its effectiveness.”
This new melanoma treatment will only be available in the RVC’s Equine Referral Hospital and horses will need to be admitted to the hospital for assessment and treatment. For more information, please visit the page on the RVC website and for case referrals, please contact email@example.com or 01707 666297.